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高中英语人教版| 必修5重点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总|kok官网登录页面
发布时间:2022-05-12 02:42
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本文摘要:今天小编为大家分享的是人教版课本必修5重点词汇、短语、句型和单元语法。

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今天小编为大家分享的是人教版课本必修5重点词汇、短语、句型和单元语法。Unit1 Great scientists【重点词汇、短语】1. put forward 提出2. conclude 竣事,结论3. draw a conclusion 得出结论4. defeat 打败5. attend 照顾,照顾护士,出席6. expose to 使显露7. cure 治愈,治疗8. challenge 挑战9. suspect 怀疑,被怀疑者10. blame 责备11. handle 柄,把手,处置惩罚,掌控12. link 联系,毗连13. link to 将…和…毗连14. announce 宣布15. contribute 募捐,孝敬16. apart from 除了17. be strict with 对…严格18. make sense 讲的通,有意义19. spin 使旋转20. reject 拒绝,扬弃【重点句型】1. What do you know about infectious diseases? 你对感染性疾病相识几多?2. John Snow was a famous doctor in London – so expert, indeed, that he attended Queen Victoria as her personal physician.约翰•斯诺是伦敦一位著名的医生——他简直医术精湛,因而成为维多利亚女王的私人医生。3. But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed to cholera. 但当他一想到要资助患了霍乱的普通老黎民,他就感应很振奋。

4. Neither its cause, nor its cure was understood.人们既不知道它的病源,也不相识它的治疗方法。5. He knew that cholera would never be controlled until its cause was found.他知道,在找到病源之前,霍乱疫情是无法控制的。

6. The second suggested that people absorbed this disease into their bodies with their meals.第二种看法是在用饭的时候人们把这种病毒引入体内的。7. John Snow suspected that the second theory was correct but he needed evidence. 约翰•斯诺料想第二个理论是正确的,但他需要证据。8. It seemed that the water was to blame. 看来要归罪于饮用水了。

9. He immediately told the astonished people in Broad Street to remove the handle from the pump so that it could not be used. 约翰•斯诺马上叫宽街上惊惶失措的老黎民拆掉水泵的把手,这样水泵就用不成了。10. In another part of London, he found supporting evidence from two other deaths that were linked to the Broad Street outbreak. 在伦敦的另一个地域,他从两个与宽街发作的霍乱有关联的死亡病例中又发现了有力证据。【语法总结】已往分词作定语和表语一. 已往分词作表语 作表语用的已往分词表现主语的特点或所处的状态,相当于形容词,强调主谓关系;被动语态表现行动,强调动宾关系,绝大多数被动结构中的行为执行者还可以用by短语来表现。

1. 已往分词做表语与被动语态的差异: The store is now closed.(系表) The library is usually closed at 8:00 p.m. (被动) 2. 某些已往分词作表语,多数用来表现人物所处的心理状态或情感变化, 其主语主要是人。这类已往分词通常为下列已往分词: delighted, devoted, discouraged , astonished, frightened, excited, inspired, encouraged, interested, contented, pleased, puzzled, satisfied, tired, worried, ect . 二. 已往分词作定语作定语的已往分词相当于形容词,其逻辑主语就是它所修饰的名词。及物动词的已往分词作定语,既表被动又表完成;不及物动词的已往分词作定语,只表完成。

1. 已往分词用作定语,如果是单个的,置于其所修饰的名词之前。We must adapt our thinking to the changed conditions. 我们必须使我们的思想适应改变了的情况。

2. 已往分词短语用作定语时,置于其所修饰的名词之后,其意义相当于一个定语从句,但较从句简练,多用于书面语中。The concert given by their friends was a success.他们朋侪举行的音乐会大为乐成。3. 已往分词短语有时也可用作非限制性定语,前后常有逗号。

The meeting,attended by over five thousand people,welcomed the great hero. 他们举行了接待英雄的大会,到会的有五千多人。Unit2 The United Kingdom【重点词汇、短语】1. consist 组成,在于,一致2. consist of 由…组成3. divide…into 把…分成4. break away from 脱离5. to one’s credit 在…的名下,为…带来荣誉6. attract 吸引,引起注意7. leave out 省去,遗漏,不思量8. plus 加上,和,正的9. take the place of 取代10. break down 损坏,破坏11. arrange 摆设12. fold 折叠,对折13. delight 快乐,兴奋,喜悦【重点句型】1. How many countries does the UK consist of?团结王国由几个国家组成?2. You can easily clarify this question if you study British history. 如果你学习了英国历史,很容易就能弄清楚这个问题。

3. Happily this was accomplished without conflict when King James of Scotland became King of England and Wales as well. 令人兴奋的是,这件事没有引起冲突就完成了,那时候苏格兰的詹姆斯国王也成为了英格兰和威尔士的国王。4. However, the southern part of Ireland was unwilling and broke away to form its own government.然而,爱尔兰的南部却不愿意而分散出去了,并建设了自己的政府。

5. To their credit the four countries do work together in some areas. 值得表彰的是,这四个国家简直在一些方面配合互助。6. England is the largest of the four countries, and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones. 在这四个国家中,英格兰最大,为了利便起见,它大致被分为了三个地域。7. You must keep your eyes open if you are going to make your trip to the United Kingdom enjoyable and worthwhile. 如果你想要使你的英国之旅愉快又有意义,你就必须留心视察。8. Worried about the time available, Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London.由于担忧时间不够,张萍玉早就把她想在伦敦观光的所在列了一张票据。

9. It looked splendid when first built.刚建成的时候,它看起来真是金碧辉煌。10. What interested her most was the longitude line.她最感兴趣的是那条经线。扫码领取 同步微课及过关检测【语法总结】已往分词作宾补已往分词作宾语补足语,说明宾语的状态或性质,已往分词所表现的行动和宾语有逻辑上的动宾关系。

一. 能接已往分词作宾语补足语的动词有三类: 1. 表现感受或心理状态的动词,如:see, hear, feel, watch, notice;think(认为), consider, find等。We saw the thief caught by the police. 我瞥见小偷被警员抓住了。We thought the game lost. 我们认为球赛输了。

2. 表现“致使”或“保持某状态”意义的动词,如:make, get, have, keep, leave等。Don’t leave such an important thing undone. 不要让这么重要的事没有人做。

He had his hat blown away on his way home. 在回家的路上他的帽子被吹掉了。3. 表现“希望、要求、下令”等动词,如:want, wish, like, expect, order等。I want the house white-washed before we move in. 我想要屋子在我搬进去之前粉刷完。

He won’t like such questions discussed at the meeting. 他不喜欢在会上讨论这样的问题。二. "with +宾语+已往分词"结构 "with +宾语+已往分词"结构中,已往分词用作介词with的宾语补足语。这一结构通常在句中作时间,方式,条件,原因等状语。例如:1. The murderer was brought in,with his hands tied behind his back.凶手被带进来了,他的双手被绑在背后.(表方式) 2. With water heated,we can see the steam.水一被加热,我们就会看到水蒸气.(表条件) 3. With the matter settled,we all went home.事情获得解决,我们都回家了.(表原因) Unit3 Life in the Future【重点词汇、短语】1. impression 印象,感想2. take up 拿起,开始,继续3. constant 时常发生的,一连不停的4. previous 在前的,早先的5. guide 指导,向导6. lack 缺乏,没有7. lose sight of 看不见8. sweep up 横扫9. slide into 移动,溜进10. optimistic 乐观的11. speed up 加速12. desert 沙漠13. instant 瞬间,片刻14. settlement 定居,解决【重点句型】1. I have to remind myself constantly that I am really in AD 3008. 我得不停提醒自己我真的到公元3008年了。

2. At first my new surroundings were difficult to tolerate.开始的时候,新的情况让我难以忍受。3. The air seemed thin, as though its combination of gases had little oxygen left.空气似乎很稀薄,似乎在混淆的气体中剩下的氧气很少。4. Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached. 由于缺乏新鲜空气,我感应头痛。

5. Soon I was back on my feet again and following him to collect a hovering carriage driven by computer.很快我又重新振作起来,然后追随他领取了一部由电脑控制的气垫车。6. However, I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached what looked like a large market because of too many carriages flying by in all directions. 可是,当我们到达一个看上去像大市场的地方时,由于太多车子朝四面八方飞驰,我看不见王平了。7. He was swept up into the center of them. 他被卷入到这群车队中去了。

8. Arriving at a strange-looking house, he showed me into a large, bright clean room. 到了一幢看上去很奇怪的屋子里,他掌握带到一个明亮而清洁的大房间。9. I found later that their leaves provided the room with much-needed oxygen.厥后我才发现,就是这些树的叶子为这栋衡宇提供了最急需的氧气。【语法总结】已往分词作状语已往分词短语作状语,可表现时间,原因,条件等,可生长为一个状语从句。

已往分词作状语时其逻辑主语为主句的主语。已往分词作状语时的详细用法:1. 已往分词作时间状语相当于一个时间状语从句。

例如:Asked (When he was asked) what had happened, he lowered his head.当他被问问题的时候,他低下了头。2. 已往分词作原因状语相当于一个原因状语从句。例如:Frightened (=Because / As she was frightened) by the tiger, the girl didn't dare to sleep alone.因为畏惧老虎, 这个女孩不敢单独睡觉。

3. 已往分词作条件状语相当于一个条件状语从句。例如:Grown (If these seeds are grown) in rich soil, these seeds can grow fast.如果种在肥沃的土壤里, 这些种子能长得很快。

4. 已往分词作让步状语相当于一个让步状语从句。例如:Left (Although he was left) at home, John didn't feel afraid at all.虽然John被单独留在房间里, 他一点都不畏惧。5. 已往分词作状语表现陪同行动或状态。

例如:The teacher entered the classroom, (and he was) followed by a group of students.老师进入课堂,后面随着一帮学生。Unit4 Making the News【重点词汇、短语】1. delighted 快乐的,欣喜的2. assist 资助,协助3. process 加工,处置惩罚,历程,法式4. concentrate on 集中,聚集5. acquire 获得,学到6. assess 评估,评定7. inform 通知8. depend on 依靠9. accuse… of 控诉10. so as to 为了11. demand 需求,要求12. ahead of 在…前面13. approve 许可,批准【重点句型】1. Never will Zhou Yang forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper. 周阳永远不会忘记他在一家知名的英语报报社第一天上班的事情任务。2. You’ll find your colleagues very eager to assist you, so you may be able to concentrate on photography later if you’re interested.你将会发现你的同事们会热情地资助你,如果你对摄影感兴趣,以后你可以集中精神去钻研。3. Not only am I interested in photography, but I took an amateur course at university to update my skills. 对摄影我不只是感兴趣,在大学里我还专修过业余摄影课来更新我的技术。

4. Only if you ask many different questions will you acquire all the information you need to know.只有提许多差别的问题,你才气收集到你需要的信息。5. They must use research to inform themselves of the missing parts of the story.他们必须通过观察研究来获悉被遗漏的那部门情况。

6. Meanwhile you have to prepare the next question depending on what the persons said. 同时,你还要凭据被采访人所说的话准备提出下一个问题。7. Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick?你们有没有过这样的情况:有人控诉你的记者,说他们的报道完全失实呢?8. This is how the story goes. 事情是这样的。

9. He denied taking money but we were sceptical.他否认收了钱,但我们对此表现怀疑。10. It was a dilemma because the footballer could have demanded damages if we were wrong.这事有些为难,因为如果我们错了,这名足球运发动就可以向我们索要赔偿。

Unit5 First aid【重点词汇、短语】1. first aid 抢救2. fall ill 生病3. poison 毒药,使中毒4. electric shock 触电,电休克5. swell 使膨胀,隆起6. squeeze 榨,挤7. squeeze out 榨出,挤出8. over and over again 重复,多次9. in place 在适当的位置10. pour 倒,灌11. a number of 许多12. put one’s hands on 找到13. treat 治疗,看待,款待14. apply 应用,运用,申请15. make a difference 区别看待,有影响,起(重要)作用【重点句型】1. Burns are called first degree, second degree or third degree burns depending on which layers of the skins are burnt. 凭据皮肤烧伤的条理而有一度烧伤、二度烧伤和三度烧伤。2. Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn.除非衣服黏贴在烧伤面上,否则如果必须的话就要用铰剪把衣物移除。3. If burns are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the heart, if possible.如果烧伤的部位在臂部或腿部,可能的话,就要把他们抬高到高于心脏的位置。

4. …it is vital to get the victim to the doctor or hospital at once.……立刻把受害者送往医院或送去看医生至关重要。5. John was studying in his room when he heard screaming. 约翰正在房里学习,突然听到一声尖叫。6. She was lying in her front garden bleeding very heavily.她躺在前花园的地上,流血不止。7. He immediately asked a number of nearby people for bandages, …他立刻向旁边的一些人要绷带,……8. He slowed the bleeding by applying pressure to the wounds until the police and ambulance arrived. 他使劲地按住伤口,使血流得慢些,一直等到警员和救护车的到来。

8. There is no doubt that Jon’s quick thinking and the first aid skills he learned at school saved Ms Slade’s life. 毫无疑问,是敏捷的思维和在学校学到的抢救技术,使得斯莱德女士的生命解围了。9. It shows that a knowledge of first aid can make a real difference. 这说明晰抢救知识简直能发挥重要的作用。文章整理于网络 如有侵权请联系删除全。


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